2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland
Gudmundsson, Magnús T. Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
- Geological setting
- 2010 eruption
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The explosive eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull in April–May 2010 caused unparalleled disruption to air travel, with about 100,000 flights cancelled in Europe during April 15–21. Compared to many other eruptions, the volcanic plume was neither very high nor was the discharge of ash by the volcano high. The large impact of this event was caused by a combination of the volcano's location, the long duration (39 days) of the more or less continuous explosive eruption, and the persistent jet-stream flow of northwesterly winds carrying eruption clouds toward Europe. A change in European aviation regulations on April 21 regarding permissible ash concentration for operation of passenger jets was needed to get commercial aircraft in Europe back in the air.
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