Margai, Florence Department of Geography, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York.
Last reviewed:July 2015
Show previous versions
- Structure and geology
- Surface features
- Climatic factors
- Regional distribution of climate, vegetation, and soils
- Drainage systems
- Population and environmental hazards
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A continent that straddles the Equator, extending between 37°N and 35°S. It is the second largest continent, exceeded only by the Eurasia landmass (see illustration). The political geography of the continent continues to evolve as the traditional states face ongoing threats of instability. There are currently 54 sovereign states with a strong possibility that Sudan, the largest state, will be divided into two independent territories. The total area of the continent, is 11,700,000 mi2 (30,300,000 km2), comprising approximately 20% of the world's land area. Despite its large area, the continent has a simple geological structure, a compact shape with a smooth outline, and a symmetrical distribution of climate and vegetation.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information