Rumsey, James W. Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, California.
O'Brien, Michael Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, California.
Last reviewed:May 2018
Show previous versions
- Tillage equipment
- Planting and cultivation equipment
- Chemical application equipment
- Farmstead machinery and equipment
- Hay, grain, and cotton harvesting equipment
- Fruit and vegetable harvesting
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Mechanized systems of food and fiber production used in agriculture. The mechanized systems comprising agricultural machinery are utilized in numerous aspects of agriculture, including the initial tillage of the soil (Fig. 1), planting, cultural practices during the growing season, protection from pests, harvesting, conditioning, livestock feeding, and delivery for processing. The use of hydraulic power has made possible highly specialized mechanisms to perform intricate operations. Hydraulic power offers the advantages of being easily controlled and automated. Sophisticated technology is used to increase the precision needed in modern agriculture: lasers for laying out fields for surface irrigation systems; microprocessors for sensing and controlling intricate operations, such as controlling feed mixtures for dairy cows and grading fruits and vegetables; and electronic devices in the automation of many harvesters. See also: Agricultural engineering; Agricultural science (animal); Agricultural science (plant); Agricultural soil and crop practices; Agriculture; Dairy machinery; Hydraulics
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information