Bailey, Reeve M. Formerly, Division of Fishes, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Boschung, Herbert T. Formerly, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Last reviewed:August 2015
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- Holocentridae (squirrelfishes and soldierfishes)
- Anoplogastridae (fangtooths)
- Diretmidae (spinyfins)
- Anomalopidae (flashlight fishes or lanternfishes)
- Monocentridae (pinecone fishes)
- Trachichthyidae (roughies or slimeheads)
- Berycidae (alfonsinos)
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An order of somewhat intermediate position among actinopterygian (ray-finned) fishes. Members of the order Beryciformes share the following features with the perciform fishes: fin spines, ctenoid scales, an upper jaw bordered by the premaxillae, a ductless swim bladder, and the absence of a mesocoracoid. An orbitosphenoid bone is present, as is typical of many lower teleosts. The pelvic fins are thoracic or subabdominal in position, and each has a spine and 3 to 13 rays (usually there are more than 5); the pelvic girdle is most often attached to the cleithra; and there are 18 or 19 principal caudal rays. See also: Actinopterygii; Osteichthyes; Perciformes; Scale (zoology); Swim bladder; Teleostei
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