Dairy cattle production
Schmidt, Glen H. Dairy Science Department, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
- Dairy development in America
- World dairy production
- Dairy production in the United States
- Dairy breeds
- Dairy cattle feeding
- Dairy cattle breeding
- Dairy cattle management
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A section of animal agriculture concerned with the production of milk and milk products. The mammary gland in mammals was developed for the nourishment of their young. Over the course of thousands of years, humans have selected some mammals, especially the cow, goat, and water buffalo, for their ability to produce quantities of milk in excess of the requirements of their young. At the same time, humans have improved the management and nutrition of the animals so that they can produce milk more efficiently. The production of milk includes selection of the animals, breeding, raising young stock, feed production, nutrition, housing, milking, milk handling, sanitation, and disease control. In addition, the disposal of milk, surplus animals, and manure must be handled properly. See also: Agricultural science (animal); Mammalia; Mammary gland
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