- Food Science & Technology
- Food technology
- Dietary fructose and the physiology of body weight regulation
Dietary fructose and the physiology of body weight regulation
Stanhope, Kimber L. Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of California, Davis, California.
- Role of leptin
- Fructose malabsorption
- Regional adipose distribution
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Consumption of dietary fructose has increased in conjunction with the rising intake of fructose-containing sugars, largely in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages. One systematic review of the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and risk of weight gain has concluded that increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight gain, whereas another study has reported no such relationship. A recent meta-analysis of six sugar-sweetened beverage intervention studies showed dose-dependent increases in weight. In contrast, another meta-analysis concluded that long-term daily fructose consumption of up to 95% of normal intake is not associated with an increase in energy intake or body weight in healthy, normal-weight humans or overweight or obese humans. Despite this lack of consensus, there is a mechanistic basis for the hypothesis that consumption of fructose-containing sugars could be contributing to the obesity epidemic. The objectives herein are to review this mechanism, present evidence that does and does not support it, and discuss the reason that such evidence may be confounded. Additionally, the mechanism by which fructose may be affecting the distribution of weight gain will be discussed.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information