Young, Richard E. Formerly, Ames Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Moffett Field, California.
Johnson, Torrence V. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Show previous versions
- Galileo probe
- Jovian atmospheric composition
- Temperature and pressure
- Cloud layers
- Radiation belts
- Galileo orbiter
- Io results
- Observations of Jovian atmosphere
- Ganymede results
- Callisto results
- Europa results
- Mission's end
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The first orbiting science satellite and atmospheric probe sent to study Jupiter. The Galileo spacecraft arrived at Jupiter on December 7, 1995 and operated until September 21, 2003 (Fig. 1). It consisted of two main components: an atmospheric entry probe and a planetary orbiter. The probe plunged into the atmosphere of Jupiter on December 7, accomplishing the first direct sampling of the atmosphere of one of the outer giant planets and surviving the most difficult atmospheric entry ever attempted. On the same date, the orbiter was the first ever to be placed in orbit about Jupiter. Before reaching Jupiter, the spacecraft took the first closeup pictures of asteroids, discovering that one of them had a small satellite (about 1 mi or 1.6 km in diameter), and was the only platform that had a direct view of the impact of the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter in July 1994. The Jovian system would not have another dedicated science vessel visit it until the arrival of Juno in 2016. See also: Asteroid; Atmosphere; Comet; Jupiter; Planet; Solar system
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information