Herschel Space Observatory
Griffin, Matt J. School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
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- Spacecraft and instruments
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A large, space-borne astronomical observatory that studied the “cold” universe in the far infrared and submillimeter portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. The Herschel Space Observatory was a major mission in the European Space Agency (ESA) science program, built with substantial additional participation from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Herschel spacecraft carried a passively cooled 3.5-m (11.5-ft)–diameter telescope, the largest astronomical telescope yet launched, and three scientific instruments (Fig. 1). See also: Astronomical observatory; Astronomy; Infrared radiation; Submillimeter-wave technology
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