Cummins, Harold School of Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Last reviewed:January 2014
- Ridge patterns
- Volar pads
- Pattern variability
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
All the features of the skin and its appendages that are arranged in designs in humans and other animals. Anatomical structures that display integumentary patterns include the skin (Fig. 1), scales, hairs, and feathers, as well as the epidermal ridges of the fingers, palms, and feet. In its common usage, integumentary patterns refer to the configurations of epidermal ridges, collectively named dermatoglyphics. Dermatoglyphics are characteristic of primates. See also: Epidermal ridges; Feather; Hair; Primates; Scale (zoology); Skin
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