Lattice quantum chromodynamics
Mackenzie, Paul B. Theoretical Physics Group, Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois.
- Future goals
- Additional Readings
Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is the theory of quarks and gluons. Quarks are the fundamental constituents of nuclear particles such as the proton and the neutron. Isolated quarks have never been observed, and it is thought that they never will be. Quarks interact via forces mediated by particles called gluons. These forces have the unusual property that, although they appear feeble in high-energy collisions, they become very strong at the energies typical in nuclear particles. This property, called asymptotic freedom, explains why the constituents of protons appeared almost free in early high-energy collision experiments and yet have never been observed. They are permanently confined inside protons, neutrons, and the other hadrons (particles that contain quarks and gluons).
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information