Houde, Edward D. Chesapeake Biology Laboratory, University of Maryland, Solomons, Maryland.
- Marine Resources
- Major components in the catch
- Global status
- Global demand
- Major Fishing Nations
- Managing the Fisheries
- Total Allowable Catch versus fishing effort control
- Maximizing sustainable yields
- Maximizing yield per recruit
- Biological reference points
- Recreational fisheries
- Allocating rights and privileges
- Institutions and agencies
- Ecosystem Approaches to Management
- Multispecies management
- Ecosystem principles and fisheries management
- Fishing Technology
- Aimed trawling
- Echo sounding
- Purse seining
- Vessel trends
- Synthetic fibers
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The harvest of animals and plants from the ocean to provide food and recreation for people, food for animals, and a variety of organic materials for industry. Important products in marine capture fisheries include fish; mollusks such as oysters, clams, and squid; and crustaceans such as crabs and shrimps. Marine mammals (whales) and reptiles (turtles) have been important historically in marine landings (the weight of the catch landed at the wharf); and some plants, mostly seaweeds, are harvested in significant amounts. World landings began to increase substantially during the industrial revolution and rose at a rapid rate after World War II before leveling off in recent years.
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