Bogucki, Peter Department of Anthropology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
- Modern concepts
- Domestication of plants and animals
- Agricultural dispersals
- Late Neolithic developments
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The period of prehistoric culture whose basic defining attributes are the emergence of agriculture, animal domestication, and sedentary farmsteads or villages. This definition has evolved over the last century from the original characterization of this period based on the appearance of polished stone axes. By 1865, when John Lubbock published Prehistoric Times, two types of Stone Age had been recognized in Europe: période de la pierre taillée (period of chipped stone implements) and période de la pierre polie (period of polished stone implements). Lubbock termed the former Palaeolithic and the latter Neolithic. Subsequently, it was realized that the definition of this period based on a single artifact type was spurious, since Neolithic peoples also continued to make chipped stone tools. A more comprehensive view developed that saw the Neolithic as characterized by pottery manufacture, agriculture, livestock, and settled villages, but without the use of metals. Thus the Neolithic formed the final Stone Age precursor to the Bronze Age and the Iron Age in the classic northern European prehistoric sequence, which was soon extended throughout most of Eurasia. See also: Paleolithic
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information