Leete, Edward Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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Alkaloids found in various species of the genus Nicotiana. The species most often used for the production of tobacco because of its high level of nicotine is N. tabacum, which is cultivated in many parts of the world for the preparation of cigarettes, cigars, and pipe tobacco. Nicotine is the most abundant alkaloid in N. tabacum, occurring to the extent of 2–8% based on the dry weight of the cured leaf. Other alkaloids that are found in this species are nornicotine, anabasine, and anatabine. The chemical structures of these alkaloids are shown in the illustration. See also: Alkaloid; Tobacco
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