Bujanovic, Biljana M. Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York.
Amidon, Thomas E. Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York.
Show previous versions
- Paper production grades
- Paper structure and papermaking
- Mechanical pulping
- Semi-chemical pulping
- Chemical pulping
- Bleaching and brightening
- Refining and beating
- Sheet-forming process
- Pressing and drying
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A sheet material made up of a network of natural cellulosic fibers. Paper is a renewable and recyclable material that has been in use for almost 2000 years. Since its invention in ad 105 (Ts'ai Lun, China), paper has become a highly engineered material that is used for a great variety of applications. Paper grades are commonly categorized as graphic (Fig. 1), packaging paper and paperboard, hygienic, and specialty grades. A steady increase in worldwide paper production and consumption leads to regular development of new grades.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information