Kaner, Richard B. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.
Last reviewed:February 2017
Show previous versions
- Other properties
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A list of chemical elements arranged along horizontal rows in increasing atomic number. It is organized such that the vertical columns consist of elements with remarkably similar properties (see illustration). The first column, known as the alkali metals (albeit with hydrogen, a nonmetal on top), contains elements with just one outer (valence) electron. The last column has completely filled valence orbitals leading to chemically inert elements called the noble gases. The position of elements in the periodic table provides a powerful method of classifying not only the physical properties of elements but also their expected properties in molecules and solids. See also: Alkali metals; Atomic number; Electron configuration; Noble gases; Valence
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information