von Graevenitz, Alexander W. C. Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
- Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Diseases caused by Salmonella bacteria. Salmonelloses include enteritis (inflammation of the intestinal tract), which accounts for 90–95% of all salmonelloses in the United States, and septicemia (blood poisoning) with or without enteritis, which accounts for 5–10%. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi) and S. enterica serovar Paratyphi [S. paratyphi (A, B, and C)] primarily cause particular types of septicemia called typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever, respectively, whereas S. enterica serovar Enteritidis (often called simply S. enterica; formerly S. choleraesuis) [see illustration] predominantly causes enteritis (with or without septicemia).
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