Lagowski, J. J. Department of Chemistry, University of Texas, Austin, Texas.
Smallwood, Ian McN. Separation 2000, London, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:December 2018
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- Nonaqueous solvents
- Basic solvents
- Acidic solvents
- Aprotic solvents
- Amphiprotic solvents
- Organic solvents
- Additional Readings
The component present in the greatest proportion in a homogeneous mixture of pure substances (solution). Components of mixtures present in minor proportions are called solutes. Homogeneous mixtures are possible with liquids, solids, or gases dissolved in liquids; solids in solids; and gases in gases. In common practice this terminology is applied mostly to liquid mixtures for which the solvent is a liquid (see illustration) and the solute can be a liquid, solid, or gas. See also: Solution
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