Terrestrial coordinate system
Lavin, Stephen Department of Geography, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska.
- Latitude and longitude
- Plane coordinates
- Additional Readings
The perpendicular intersection of two curves or two lines, one relatively horizontal and the other relatively vertical, is the basis for finding and describing terrestrial location. The Earth's graticule, consisting of an imaginary grid of east-to-west-bearing lines of latitude and north-to-south bearing lines of longitude, is derived from the Earth's shape and rotation, and is rooted in spherical geometry. The development of latitude and longitude likely originated during the classical period in Greece in the second century B.C. Hipparchus of Rhodes is thought to have been instrumental in its development. Plane coordinate systems, equivalent to horizontal X and vertical Y coordinates, are based upon cartesian geometry and differ from the graticule in that they have no natural origin or beginning for their grids.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information