Wickstrom, Conrad Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio.
- Alkaline hot springs
- Acid hot springs
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The examination of the independent and interactive biotic and abiotic components of naturally heated environments. Geothermal habitats are present from sea level to the tops of volcanoes and occur as fumaroles, geysers, and hot springs. Hot springs typically possess source pools with overflow, or thermal, streams (rheotherms) or without such streams (limnotherms). Hot-spring habitats have existed since life began on Earth, permitting the gradual introduction and evolution of species and communities adapted to each other and to high temperatures. Other geothermal habitats do not have distinct communities.
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