Peters, William C. Formerly, Department of Mining and Geological Engineering, College of Engineering, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
- Mine Development
- Development workings
- Mining Methods
- Naturally supported openings
- Artificially supported openings
- Caving methods
- Additional Readings
The extraction of ore from beneath the surface of the ground. Underground mining is also applied to deposits of industrial (nonmetallic) minerals and rocks, and underground or deep methods are used in coal mining. Some ores and industrial minerals can be recovered from beneath the ground surface by solution mining or in-place leaching using boreholes. See also: Coal mining; Solution mining
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