O'Shaughnessy, Douglas INRS-Telcom, Place Bonaventure, Montreal, Canada.
- Design trade-offs
- Memory size
- Synthesis method
- Unrestricted-text (TTS) systems
- Formant synthesis
- Linear predictive coding (LPC) synthesis
- Waveform concatenation
- Synthesis of intonation
- Different languages
- Practical speech synthesis
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The generation of synthetic speech signals in order to convey information to listeners, usually based upon a verbal or textual request by the users. This speech synthesis typically employs a computer program and requires access to storage of portions of speech previously spoken by humans. The naturalness of the synthetic voice depends on several factors, including the vocabulary of words to pronounce, the amount of stored speech, and the complexity of the synthesis programs. The most basic voice response simply plays back appropriate short verbal responses, which are only copies of human speech signals stored using digital sampling technology. The most universal systems, on the other hand, are capable of transforming any given text into comprehensible speech for a given language. These latter systems so far exist for only 20 or so of the world's major languages, and are flawed in producing speech that, while usually intelligible, sounds unnatural.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information