Miller, Regis B. Center for Wood Anatomy Research, Forest Products Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Madison, Wisconsin.
Last reviewed:April 2018
Show previous versions
- Gross features of wood
- Typical hardwood
- Typical softwood
- Cell walls
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The structure and composition of the hard fibrous substance that makes up the trunks and large branches of trees beneath the bark. Wood (Fig. 1) is composed mostly of hollow, elongated, spindle-shaped cells that are arranged parallel to each other along the trunk of a tree. The characteristics of these fibrous cells and their arrangement affect strength properties, appearance, resistance to penetration by water and chemicals, resistance to decay, and many other properties. Thus, wood anatomy is an important field of study for plant scientists, botanists, forest engineers, and manufacturers of lumber and other wood products. See also: Botany; Forest and forestry; Forest engineering; Forest timber resources; Lumber; Plant; Plant cell; Plant physiology; Tree; Wood products; Wood properties
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information