Morrell, Jeffrey J. Department of Forest Products, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
- Abiotic degradation
- Biotic degradation
- Biotic requirements
- Fungal organisms
- Marine borers
- Wood protection
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Decay of the components of wood. Despite its highly integrated matrix of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which gives wood superior strength properties and a marked resistance to chemical and microbial attack, a variety of organisms and processes are capable of degrading wood. The decay process is a continuum, often involving a number of organisms over many years. Wood degrading agents are both biotic and abiotic, and include heat, strong acids or bases, organic chemicals, mechanical wear, and sunlight (UV degradation).
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